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分词作定语
  分词作定语:
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  分词前置
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  We can see the rising sun. 我们可以看到东升的旭日
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  He is a retired worker.  他是位退休的工人
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  分词后置 (i.分词词组;ii. 个别分词如given, left; iii. 修饰不定代词 something等)
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  There was a girl sitting there. 有个女孩坐在那里
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  This is the question given.   这是所给的问题
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  There is nothing interesting.  没有有趣的东西
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  过去分词作定语
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  与其修饰的词是被动关系,相当于一个被动语态的定语从句。
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  Most of the people invited to the party were famous scientists.
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  Most of the artists invited to the party were from South Africa.
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  典型例题
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  1) The first textbook ___ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century.
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  A. have written  B. to be written  C. being written  D. written
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  答案D. 书与写作是被动关系,应用过去分词做定语表被 动,相当于定语从句 which is written
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  2)What's the language ____ in Germany?
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  A. speaking  B. spoken   C. be spoken  D. to speak
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  答案B. 主语language与谓语动词之间有被动的含义。
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  spoken是动词speak的过去分词形式,在句中作定语,修饰主语language, spoken 与 language有被动关系。该句可以理解为:
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  What's the language (which is) spoken in German?
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